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Repairing Family Members in .NET Encoding data matrix barcodes in .NET Repairing Family Members




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Repairing Family Members using barcode implement for .net vs 2010 control to generate, create 2d data matrix barcode image in .net vs 2010 applications. International Standard Serial Numbers pain, and the payment of Visual Studio .NET Data Matrix ECC200 money for medical expenses was not enough to deal appropriately with their harm. More could have been done in this sense.

Still, the court ordered Peru to make a public apology and to admit responsibility in the case, a measure that is of outmost importance to the family. b) The IACtHR and Material Damages for Next of Kin as Victims and Injured Parties In cases of disappearances, arbitrary killings, and arbitrary detention and inhuman treatment, the IACtHR has recognized that indirect victims and injured parties can also suffer material damages. The court will compensate for actual expenses when these are proven or when they could be presumed to have been incurred.

For instance, the court will typically reimburse for medical costs assumed by the next of kin in dealing with the aftermath of the violation.144 However, it is also willing to rely on some presumptions regarding costs that the next of kin commonly incur. In cases of disappearances and arbitrary killings, for instance, the court relies on certain presumptions regarding funerary expenses.

If the body of the disappeared or killed person was recovered before its decision, the court presumes that the next of kin of the victim would have paid the funerary expenses. Therefore, if such costs cannot be proven, the court will award a sum of money based on fairness, as happened in el Caracazo, where it awarded each one of the next of kin of the killed persons the sum of US $600.145 In disappearance cases, the court applies another important presumption.

It will presume that the next of kin incurred costs in trying to nd out the whereabouts of their beloved one; if they are unable to provide evidence of such costs, the court will award a sum of money based on equity. What is essential for this presumption to work is that the costs presumed to have been incurred or claimed have a causal relationship with the violation. Although in Velasquez Rodriguez the court refused to cover such expenses, in many disappearance cases after Velasquez Rodriguez it has been willing to award a lump sum of money to the next of kin of the victim or to the family to cover various expenses, such as travel expenses, medical expenses, visits to jails and hospitals, and communications.

146 In later jurisprudence, the court has re ned. 144 145 146. As happened in Blake, datamatrix 2d barcode for .NET Street Children, and Bamaca Velasquez. IACtHR, Caracazo, para.

85. The court did not award such costs in Velasquez Rodriguez because they were not pleaded or proven opportunely, but it recognized that such expenses are part of material damages (para. 42).

The treatment has been different in other disappearance cases. In Paniagua Morales, for instance, the court awarded US $10,000, and in Castillo Paez, it awarded $25,000 to the family to cover such costs..

Ruth Rubio-Mar n, Clara Sandoval, and Catalina D az table 5.13. Disappearance cases: Reparations for material damages of next of kin Source of the expenses Th e mother, the aunt, the wife, and the sister of four of the ten disappeared persons had to abandon their jobs to try to nd the truth Expenses incurred by eight other next of kin in their search for the truth. They were the brother and sister, the father, the mother and father, the father, and the father and the mother of ve of the ten disappeared persons Material damages Two of them were awarded US $20,000 and the other two were awarded $25,000147 The eight next of kin were awarded US $5,000 each. this approach and current Data Matrix barcode for .NET ly awards reparations for material damages spelled out under different headings, which now include not only costs but also loss of earnings.148 For example, Table 5.

13 shows what expenses were recognized and awarded by the court in the case of La Cantuta. As Table 5.14 shows, in cases of arbitrary detention and inhuman treatment, such as De la Cruz Flores, the court also recognizes the existence of expenses of indirect victims that have a direct connection with the violations found by the court, such as those resulting from transport to visit the victim at the place of detention or to give clothing, food, and medicines to the victim.

This has been the position of the court in similar cases, even if in those cases the court refers to those damages under different headings, such as damnum emergens, damage to the patrimony of the family, and consequential damage.149. Although the court does n ot explicitly explain why it awards US $5,000 more to two of them, it can be inferred that this was because two of them had better jobs/occupations. Although the ones who received $20,000 worked washing clothes and at the market, the situation of the other two was different: one was a primary teacher and the other had to stop her university studies. La Cantuta, para.

214. In Bamaca Velasquez, the victim was a guerrilla captured in combat by the Guatemalan army who had been disappeared since then. The court awarded his wife, Jennifer Harbury, US $80,000 for her lost income as a result of her intensive dedication to the case, as well as $25,000 for her medical treatment, and another $20,000 for other expenses related to pursuing the case.

These large awards respond to the fact that Jennifer was a lawyer who had to stop earning a high salary in the United States when her husband disappeared. Equally, she undertook several hunger strikes in Guatemala and the United States. She also carried out a detailed investigation into the facts of the case.

See her books, Searching for Everardo (New York: Warner Books, 2000) and Torture, Truth and the American Way (Boston: Beacon Press, 2005), in which she describes in detail her experience in the case pursuing justice both in the United States and in Guatemala and shows the complicity of the US government in the disappearance of her husband. For instance, Tibi, para. 234; De la Cruz Flores, paras.

153 154; and Guti rrez Soler v. Colombia, e judgment, September 12, 2005, paras. 77 78.

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